This page contains an initial (although by no means exhaustive!) bibliography related to Hindi film song.

Below the listing of books, you’ll find a list of further digital and multimedia resources.



Beaster-Jones, Jayson. “Evergreens to Remixes: Hindi Film Songs and India’s Popular Music Heritage.” Ethnomusicology 53, no. 3 (October 1, 2009): 425–48.

——. Bollywood Sounds: The Cosmopolitan Mediations of Hindi Film Song. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Beaster-Jones, Jayson and Natalie Sarrazin, eds. Music in Contemporary Indian Film: Memory, Voice, Identity. London, UK: Routledge Press, 2016.

Bhaskar, Ira. Islamicate Cultures of Bombay Cinema. New Delhi, India: Tulika Books, 2009.

Booth, Gregory D. “Making a Woman from a Tawaif: Courtesans as Heroes in Hindi Cinema.” New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 9, no. 2 (2007): 1.

——. Behind the Curtain: Making Music in Mumbai’s Film Studios. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. E-book.

Booth, Greg. “Gender, Nationalism, and Sound: Outgrowing ‘Mother India.’” Accessed August 12, 2016.

Booth, Gregory D., and Bradley Shope, eds. More than Bollywood: Studies in Indian Popular Music. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Brara, Rita. “The Item Number: Cinesexuality in Bollywood and Social Life.” Economic and Political Weekly, 2010, 67–74.

Chakravarty, Sumita S. National Identity in Indian Popular Cinema, 1947-1987. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993.

Creekmur, Corey. “Hindi film song and the last days of genre.” In Soundtrack Available: Essays on Film and Popular Music, ed. Pamela Wojcik. Durham: Duke University Press, 2001.

Creekmur, Corey and Linda Mokdad, eds. The International Film Musical. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2012.

Cohan, Steve, ed. The Sound of Musicals. London: BFI, 2010.

Dwyer, Rachel. Cinema India : The Visual Culture of Hindi Film. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002.

Gabriel, Karen. “Imaging a Nation : The Sexual Economies of the Contemporary Mainstream Bombay Cinema (1970-2000),” 2005.

Ganti, Tejaswini. “ ‘No One Thinks in Hindi Here’: Language Hierarchies in Bollywood.” Accessed April 26, 2016.

———. Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema. 2nd ed. Routledge Film Guidebooks. Abingdon, Oxon ; New York: Routledge, 2013.

———. “No Longer a Frivolous Singing and Dancing Nation of Movie-Makers: The Hindi Film Industry and Its Quest for Global Distinction.” Visual Anthropology 25, no. 4 (July 2012): 340–65.

———. Producing Bollywood: Inside the Contemporary Hindi Film Industry. Duke University Press, 2012.

Gopal, Sangita and Sujata Moorti. Global Bollywood: the Travels of Hindi Song and Dance. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008. E-book.

Kesavan, Mukhul. “Urdu, Awadh and the tawaif: the Islamicate roots of Hindi cinema.” In Forging Identities : Gender, Communities, and the State, ed. Zoya Hassan. New Delhi: Kali for Women, 1994.

Majumdar, Neepa. Wanted Cultured Ladies Only! Female Stardom and Cinema in India, 1930s-1950s. Urban, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2009. E-book.

Mazumdar, Ranjani. Bombay Cinema : An Archive of the City. Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota Press, 2007. E-book

Mazzarella, William and Raminder Kaur. Censorship in South Asia : Cultural Regulation from Sedition to Seduction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009. E-book.

Mehta, Monika. Censorship and Sexuality in Bombay Cinema. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011. E-book.

Mehta, Rini Bhattacharya, and Rajeshwari Pandharipande, eds. Bollywood and Globalization: Indian Popular Cinema, Nation, and Diaspora. Anthem South Asian Studies. London ; New York: Anthem Press, 2011.

Nijhawan, Amita. “Excusing the female dancer: Tradition and

transgression in Bollywood dancing.” South Asian Popular Culture, 7:2, 99-112,2009.

Pendakur, Manjunath. Indian Popular Cinema : Industry, Ideology, and Consciousness. Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton Press, 2003.

Prasad, Madhva. “This Thing Called Bollywood.” 2003.

Punathambekar, Aswin. From Bombay to Bollywood: The Making of a Global Media Industry. Postmillennial Pop. New York: New York University Press, 2013.

Qureshi, Regula. “Female agency and patrilinieal constraints : situating courtesans in twentieth-century India.” In The Courtesan’s Arts: Cross-Cultural Perspectives, ed. Feldman, Martha, and Bonnie Gordon. 2006. E-book

Sarkar, Bhaskar. “The Mellifluous Illogic of the ‘Bollywood Musical.’” In The Sound of Musicals, ed. Steve Cohan, 41–53, 2010.

Singh, Bhrigupati. “525 The Problem.” Accessed August 12, 2016.

Srivastava, Sanjay. “Voice, Gender and Space in Time of Five-Year Plans: The Idea of Lata Mangeshkar.” Economic and Political Weekly, 2004, 2019–2028.

Sundar, Pavitra. “Meri Awaaz Suno: Women, Vocality, and Nation in Hindi Cinema.” Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism 8, no. 1 (April 3, 2008): 144–79.

Virdi, Jyotika. The Cinematic imagiNation [Sic] : Indian Popular Films as Social History. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2003.

Wani, Aarti. Fantasy of Modernity : Romantic Love in Bombay Cinema of the 1950s. Delhi, India: Cambridge University Press, 2016.


Media and Digital Resources: (especially (South Asian academic site focused on digital and popular culture) (film trade news and gossip) (Reviews of recent and classic Hindi films by established cultural critics) (Leading newspaper; often contains juicy film gossip and more serious reviews) (Ditto) – Amazing overview of instruments, rags, and a year-by-year (!) chronology of hindi film songs in social-historical context

Hindi film song streaming services: